Monday, 16 March 2015

Scientific Instruments and their uses

Do you know the name of scientific instrument? What type of these are? What are the uses? If you don’t know lets go through out the post where you will get name of all important scientific instruments and their uses in our life, for business purpose or for technical solution purpose.
AltimeterMeasures altitudes (Used in aircraft)
AmmeterMeasures strength of electric current
AnemometerMeasures force and velocity or wind and directions
AudiometerMeasures intensity of sound
BarographContinuous recording of atmospheric pressure
BarometerMeasures atmospheric pressure
BinocularsTo view distant objects
BolometerTo measure heat radiation
CallipersMeasure inner and outer diameters of bodies
CalorimeterMeasures quantities of heat
Cardiogram(ECG)Traces movements of the heart ; recorded on a Cardiograph
CathetometerDetermines heights, measurement of levels, etc, in scientific experiments
ChronometerDetermines longitude of a vessel at sea
ColorimeterCompares intensity of colours
CommutatorTo change / reverse the direction of electric current; Also used to convert AC into DC
CryometerA Type of thermometer used to measure very low temperatures, usually close to 0`C
CyclotronA Charged particle accelerator which can accelerate charged particles to high energies
DilatometerMeasures changed in volume of substances
DyanamoTo Covert mechanical energy into electrical energy
DynamometerMeasure electrical power
ElectronecephaloRecords and interprets the electrical waves of the
Graph(EEC)Brain (brain waves ) recorded on electroence phalograms
ElectrometerMeasures very small but potential difference in electric currents
ElectroscopeDetects presence of an electric Charge
EletromicroscopeTo obtain a magnifying view of very small objects capable of magnifying up to 20,000 times
EndoscopeTo examine internal parts of the body
FathometerMeasures depth of the flux
FluxmeterMeasures magnetic flux
GalvanometerMeasures electric current
HydrometerMeasures the relative density of liquids
HygrometerMeasure level of humidity
HydrophoneMeasure sound under water
HygroscopeShows the changes in atmospheric humidity
HypsometerTo determine boiling point of liquids
HymographGraphically records physiological movement. (e.g.…..,blood pressure/heartbeat)
LactometerMeasures the relative density of milk to determine purity
MachmeterDetermines the speed of an aircraft in terms if the speed of sound
ManometerCompares magnetic movement and fields
ManometerMeasures the pressure of gases
MicrometerCoverts sound waves into electrical vibrations
MicrophoneMeasure distances /angles
MicroscopeTo obtain a magnified view of small objects
NephetometerMeasures the scattering of light by particles suspended in a liquid
OhmmeterTo measures electrical resistance in objects
OndometerMeasures the frequency if electromagnetic waves, especially in the radio-frequency band
PeriscopeTo view objects above sea level (Used in submarines)
PhotometerCompares the luminous intensity of the source of light
PolygraphInstrument that simultaneously records changed in physiological processes such as heartbeat, blood pressure the respiration used a lie detector
PyknometerDetermines the density and coefficient of expansion of liquids
PyrometerMeasures very high temperature
QuadrantMeasures altitudes and angles in navigation and astronomy
RadarTo detect the direction and ranges of an approaching aeroplane by means of radiowaves, ( Radio, Angle ,Detection and Range )
Radio MicrometerMeasures heat radiation
RefractometerMeasures salinity of solutions
SextantUsed by navigators to find the latitude of place by measuring the elevation above the horizon of the sun or another star; also used to measure the height of very distant objects
SpectrometerSpectroscope equipped with calibrated scale to measure the position of spectral lines (Measure of Refractive indices)
SpherometerMeasures curvature of spherical objects
TachometerTo determine speed, especially the rotational speed of a shaft (Used in aeroplanes and motor-boats)
Tangent galvanometerMeasure the strength of direct current
TelemeterRecords physical happenings at a distant place
TelwprinterReceives and sends typed messages from one place to another
TelescopeTo view distant objects in space
ThermometerMeasure Temperature
ThermostatRegulates temperature at a particular point
TonometerTo measure the pitch of a sound
TransponderTo receive a signal and transmit a reply immediately
UdometerRain gauge
UltrasonoscopeTo measure and use ultrasonic sound (beyond hearing use to make a Ecogram to detect brain tumours, heart defects and abnormal growth
VenturimeterTo measure the rate of flow of liquids
VernierMeasures Small sub-division of scale
ViscometerMeasures the viscosity of liquid
VoltmeterTo measure electric potential difference between two points
WattmeterTo measure the power of an electric circuit
WavemeterTo measure the wavelength of a radiowave